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Evidence-Based Practice Guide


  • Cullen, L., Hanrahan, K., Sigma Theta Tau International, Farrington, M., DeBerg, J., Tucker, S., & Kleiber, C. (2018). Evidence-Based Practice In Action: Comprehensive Strategies, Tools, and Tips From The University of Iowa Hospitals And Clinics. Indianapolis, IN: Sigma Theta Tau International.
  • Davies, K. S. (2011). Formulating the evidence based practice question: A review of the frameworks. Evidence Based Library and Information Practice, 6(2), 75-80. doi:10.18438/B8WS5N
  • Dicenso, A., Bayley, L., & Haynes, R. B. (2009). Accessing pre-appraised evidence: Fine-tuning the 5S model into a 6S model. Evid Based Nurs, 12(4), 99-101. doi: 10.1136/ebn.12.4.99-b.
  • Duke University Medical Center Library, Health Sciences Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. (December 2014). Introduction to Evidence-Based Practice. Retrieved from
  • Evans, D. (2003). Hierarchy of evidence: A framework for ranking evidence evaluating healthcare interventions. J Clin Nurs, 12(1), 77-84. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2702.2003.00662.x.
  • Glover, J., Izzo, D., Odato, K. Wang, L. (2006). EBM Pyramid and EBP Page Generator.
  • Grandage, K. K., Slawson, D. C., & Shaughnessy, A. F. (2002). When less is more: A practical approach to searching for evidence-based answers. J Med Libr Assoc, 90(3), 298-304. PMCID: PMC116402.
  • Greenhalgh, T. (2001). How to read a paper: the basics of evidence based medicine (Second ed. ed.). London: BMJ.
  • Guyatt, G., Rennie, D., Meade, M. O., Cook, D. J. (Eds.). (2015). Users' guides to the medical literature: A manual for evidence-based clinical practice. (3rd ed.). New York, NY. McGraw-Hill Education.
  • Health Evidence. (2009). Developing an Efficient Search Strategy. Retrieved from
  • Melnyk, B. M., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2005). Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare: A guide to best practice. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  • Richardson, W. S., Wilson, M. C., Nishikawa, J., & Hayward, R. S. (1995). The well-built clinical question: a key to evidence-based decisions. ACP J Club, 123(3), A12-13.
  • Sackett, D. L., Rosenberg, W. M., Gray, J. A., Haynes, R. B., & Richardson, W. S. (1996). Evidence based medicine: What it is and what it isn't. BMJ, 312(7023), 71-72. doi: 10.1136/bmj.312.7023.71.
  • Stavrou, A., Challoumas, D., & Dimitrakakis, G. (2014). Archibald Cochrane (1909-1988): The father of evidence-based medicine. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg, 18(1), 121-124. doi: 10.1093/icvts/ivt451.
  • Straus, S. E. (2011). Evidence-based medicine: How to practice and teach it. Edinburgh: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone.